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American law is complex, because it has a positive first Constitution, which contains the logical-normative basis of all legal institutions, which provides coverage for two legal bodies which have different modalities in its articulation and organization. The first is called statutory law (statute law), and the second {common law), also known in the legal field as written law {written law) and unwritten law (unwritten law). Statutory law has not much difference with what, in the Latin law is the law or legislation as a whole, being general rules that are sanctioned and approved by the legislature, to which joins the Constitution as the set of rules that are the basis and foundation of the entire legal system; hence both the Constitution and the laws (statutes) are within the category of law


This series of two articles describes the most important features of legal education in the United States. Part I, found here, discusses law schools and the juris doctor. Part II, published later in the same journal, discusses graduate legal education, continuing legal education, and some comparative aspects of U.S. legal education in light of the Bologna Plan.